Anaesthesia & Pain Medicine

The Department of Anaesthesia & Pain Medicine at Adam Vital Hospital uses the most advanced, safe and patient-focused techniques and mechanisms in the delivery of anaesthetic care towards the patients. Our team of extremely skilled and well-experienced anaesthesiologists and anaesthesia care aims to provide optimum quality patient care not only in the operation theatres but also beyond it by optimizing preoperative patient preparation and providing comprehensive patient care during the early postoperative period.


The first and most common symptom of any abnormal musculoskeletal condition affecting muscles, nerves, joints, or bones is PAIN. Such musculoskeletal ache can be acute or chronic pain and can be constant or frequent.

  • Musculoskeletal pain management includes managing pain and treating the underlying cause of the pain related to muscles, nerves, joints, or bones.
  • The dose of musculoskeletal pain medicines is determined by the Consulting doctor based on the severity of pain, medical condition of the patient, ongoing medications and clinical examination of the patient.
  • Along with pain medicines, the patient might need to exercise or rehab, have dietary restrictions and requires treatment of the underlying condition.
  • Musculoskeletal pain is caused by :
    1. Trauma or injuries like fracture of a bone or ligament tear
    2. Infections in Joint spaces
    3. Medical conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, etc
    4. Wear and tear of joints due to ageing
    5. Depression compression or damage of nerve
    1. Disorders affecting bones like Osteoporosis or Paget’s disease.
    2. Decreased joints mobility due to sedentary lifestyles
    3. Post Orthopaedic surgery pain
    4. Arthritis knee treatment and pain
    5. Knee replacement and pain

Pain Medicine provides relief from headache (headache medicine provides instant relief from the head pain and throbbing), muscle spasm, neck pain, low back pain or chronic back pain (back pain relief can be achieved in many cases just by the consumption of pain medicine eliminating the need of surgery and a further increase in pain. It is a great option for shoulder pain treatment, leg pain treatment, muscle pain treatment, joint pain and cancer pain. It is a non-surgical approach for treating disorders and pain caused due to several genetic, physical and physiological factors.

There are different types of pain medicine with their advantages and risks. Some pain medicines provide better relief than other as people show different response to pain relievers.

Over the counter (OTC) medicines are drugs that can be bought without a prescription. Some OTC medicines provide relief from pain and other help in managing recurring problems such as allergies and migraines. OTC medicines are of two types: NSAIDs (Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) and Acetaminophen (Tylenol).

In cases where the OTC medicines don’t work the doctor may prescribe some strong medicines such as opioids.

NSAIDs, opioids, steroids and muscle relaxants (in specific cases knee pain medicine, joint pain medicine, arthritis medicine), are some of the pain medicines prescribed by our doctor and the options depend on the severity and the medical conditions of the patient.

Some of the risks associated with OTC’s are:

  • These medicines with some of the other supplements, medicines or food you are taking.
  • Some medicines are not right for people with certain medical conditions and cause allergies.
  • The correct amount of dosage should be given to children to avoid any kind of complications or side-effects of overdosage.

Types of pain medicine :

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These are used for relieving mild to moderate pain. These medicines interfere in blood clotting and cause nausea, stomach ache, vomiting and kidney problems. Aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen are some examples.
  • Opioids: These medicines are provided for a shorter duration after the surgery to relieve pain. Morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone and codeine comes under opioids. These medicines cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, itching and rashes in some cause. Longer intake of opioids can cause addiction and the person becomes dependent on them.
  • Local Anaesthetics: Anaesthesia blocks sending of nerve impulses and is injected to control pain during the surgeries. Though excessive anaesthetic has sideeffects.
  • Acetaminophen: These medicines are less likely to cause stomach irritation than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Many oral analgesic medicines contain acetaminophen combined with opioids. Though these medicines can cause liver damage if taken in excess.

Pain medicine is given in the following ways :

  1. On request
  2. Pain medicine is given at a regular interval of time throughout the day.
  3. Patient-controlled analgesia in which the pain medicine can be controlled by pressing a button to inject a controlled amount of medicine through an IV tube in a vein.
  4. Patient-controlled epidural analgesia in which a tube is inserted in the spine and the medicine goes into the tube in a controlled amount.


  1. Pre-operative care for major & minor surgical procedures
  2. Postoperative pain management
  3. Sedation for minor surgical procedures
  4. Ultrasound-guided nerve blocks
  1. Emergency, Trauma care and ICU Management
  2. Administration of anaesthesia in all sub-specialities
  3. Anaesthesia for Painless Delivery
  4. Preoperative medical evaluations


Types of Anaesthesia provided for you are based on

  • The type of surgery
  • Length of the procedure
  • Patient’s health
  • You and your surgeon's preference


  • General anaesthesia :
    The patient is unconscious and feels nothing. The patient receives medicine by breathing it or through an IV.
  • Local anaesthesia :
    The patient is unconscious and feels nothing. The patient receives medicine by breathing it or through an IV.
  • Regional anaesthesia :
    The patient is awake, and parts of the body are asleep. Medicine is injected.

Our anaesthesia care team plays a significant role before, during and after the surgical intervention thereby ensuring a good overall outcome of patient care.


  • Before deciding on any musculoskeletal pain management method, Consult the doctor as the pain could be a symptom of some serious medical condition or injury.
  • Also, never self-medicate with pain medicines as these medicines can cause serious health complications.
  • We, at Adam Vital Hospital, work to treat all kinds of musculoskeletal pain and treat the cause of pain effectively, so that our patients can recover rapidly and continue with their daily routines as soon as possible.
  • Our services for pain management are :
    1. Prescribing pain medicines for the relief of pain
    2. Properly diagnosing the root cause of pain
    3. Counselling the patient on managing the pain
    4. Treating the underlying cause of the pain with the help of other medical departments
    5. We also provide rehab, surgery options if needed, and a diet plan according to the patient's condition.


There are pros and cons to these different types of anaesthesia. Some types can result inless pain afterwards or faster recovery. At Adam Vital Hospital, with the best pain management Doctors in Dubai (UAE), we help you in every need and bring the best with safe care. Your surgeon and anaesthesiologist will discuss the risks and benefits of anaesthesia prior to your surgery.