Scoliosis is a sideways curvature deformity of the spine that often occurs during the growth spurt just before puberty. While Scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most Scoliosis is unknown.
Most Scoliosis cases are mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe with age resulting in major functional disabilities, such as reducing space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly.
Children who have mild Scoliosis are monitored, usually with X-rays, to see if the curve is getting worse. Wearing a brace can stop the curve from worsening in some cases. Some cases may require surgery to keep Scoliosis from worsening and to straighten severe cases of Scoliosis.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON TYPES OF SCOLIOSIS ︖
The most common type of Scoliosis is idiopathic Scoliosis, a term used to refer to cases with no definite cause. Idiopathic Scoliosis is divided according to age groups.Adolescent idiopathic Scoliosis is the most common type.
Cause of different types of Scoliosis include :
Congenital Scoliosis - Spinal deformities by birth
Neurological Scoliosis - Nerve abnormalities affect muscles in the spine
Structural Scoliosis - Deformity can be caused by an injury, disease, or birth defect and is permanent.
Non-structural Scoliosis - Temporary curves that can be fixed.